What is Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF)?

By Team TA

One of the key outcomes of the COP15 UN Conference on Biodiversity in Montreal was that around 190 countries adopted the landmark Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework that aims to protect 30% of the Earth’s land and oceans by 2030.

Let’s know what this new framework on biodiversity conversation is all about:

What is 30 by 30 goal?

The new framework aims to restore 30% of degraded ecosystems globally (on land and sea) by 2030 and conserve and manage 30% of areas (terrestrial, inland water, and coastal and marine) by 2030.

Other key points of the framework
  • Stop the extinction of known species, and by 2050 reduce tenfold the extinction risk and rate of all species (including unknown).
  • Reduce risk from pesticides by at least 50% by 2030.
  • Reduce nutrients lost to the environment by at least 50% by 2030.
  • Reduce pollution risks and negative impacts of pollution from all sources by 2030 to levels that are not harmful to biodiversity and ecosystem functions.
  • Reduce the global footprint of consumption by 2030, including through significantly reducing overconsumption and waste generation and halving food waste.
  • Sustainably manage areas under agriculture, aquaculture, fisheries, and forestry and substantially increase agroecology and other biodiversity-friendly practices.
  • Tackle climate change through nature-based solutions.
  • Reduce the rate of introduction and establishment of invasive alien species by at least 50% by 2030.
  • Secure the safe, legal and sustainable use and trade of wild species by 2030.
  • Greening up urban spaces.

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